History of the Ford Mustang
When the Ford Mustang first appeared not even the engineers at Ford knew that it would still be an industry leader fifty years later. Many concept cars never leave the design studio or, if they do get out, they must still get past the critics of the annual auto show circuits. However, the Ford Mustang has proven itself repeatedly. It’s been over fifty years since the Mustang 1 debuted as a two seat, mid-engine sports car at the world’s fair in 1964 in Flushing Meadows, New York.
Debuting at the same time as the World’s Fair showstopper from Ford was the 1964 Mustang, the second concept car and the design that was finally chosen to move from production approval to the showroom floor in eighteen months, as both a hardtop coupe and convertible. This fulfilled the vision of company president, Lee Iacocca, whose dream was a small four-passenger car that was affordable for the average person. Additionally, he wanted a car that had the panache of a T-Bird and the frugality of a Model T.
The Mustang hit that mark, and 22,000 units were snatched up across the country on its first day of sales, setting the future of the Mustang in motion. Ford sold over 260,000 Mustangs in its first year of production, with 126,538 sold during the abbreviated 1964 ½ model year and the era of the Pony car was born.
Based on the Ford Falcon’s unibody construction and drivetrain, Ford had a solid platform with which to start the Mustang design. Engine choices for the first 1964½ to 1966 Mustangs included a 2.8-liter, in-line six cylinder that produced a meager 101 hp. Next up was Ford’s 3.3-liter in-line six that gave you an additional 15 hp, along with the associated weight of the bigger engine.
By dropping in a 4.3 liter V-8, Ford was able to apply 164 hp to the Mustangs rear wheels, giving it an entirely different demeanor than its six cylinder powered siblings. Even though the mustang was not envisioned as a sports car, mechanics and automobile aficionados were not disappointed with the addition of Ford’s legendary, two barrel carburetor, 289 cubic inch OHV V8 that produced 210 hp.
The most powerful engine available on the first generation Mustang was the venerable 289 with a four barrel bolted on that spun out an adrenaline-raising 271 horsepower. Badged as the “K-Code equipped” Mustang, that horsepower rating is middle of the pack by today’s standards, but in 1964, the addition of four barrel, small block V8’s to lightweight unibody chasses led to a new age of the affordable sports car.
Offered with a standard three speed manual on all but the K-code (that came with a four-speed manual), the four speed was offered as an option on other models. A three speed automatic was also offered as an option on all models.
In 1967, the competition was bringing in new models, and Ford had to step up its game to keep a fresh face in front of the public. Enter the second generation of the Mustang which appeared for two model years, 1967 and 1968. Using the same chassis, Ford expanded the size of the body giving it a bit more length, and the fastback got a more aggressive stance by taking the roof slope to the trailing edge of the trunk lid. Ford replaced the convertible’s plastic rear window with a two-piece glass unit.
Power trains showed a modest increase in horsepower, but the biggest addition was the 390 cubic inch, “big block” V8, equipped with a Holley four barrel carburetor that Ford shoehorned into the engine compartment. Making 315 horsepower, it now sat on a track that had been widened by 2.5 inches to accommodate the larger engine.
In 1968, Ford began offering the two and four barrel 302 cubic inch V8’s that produced 220 and 230 horsepower, respectively. Taking out all of the stops, and with space under the hood for even larger engines, Ford began offering 427 and 428 cubic inch big blocks for the Mustang. Rare beasties, very few of these models can be found today.
The Mustang Today
The first years of the Mustang saw many changes from visionary concept, to what the Mustang became in a few short years. Perhaps it was not designed as a sports car, but the developments over its first few years of production have proven otherwise. Having maintained its style and popularity for a half century, today’s Mustangs are available as lower powered economical four cylinders or as fire-breathing, 5.0-liter, 435 hp GT’s, and they are still in high demand. Whichever model you choose, owning a Mustang makes you a part of automobile history.